● Wanapum Rec. Area [Kittitas Co], WA USA [el. 190 m / 623 ft] view location in Google Maps » ● 4/19/10 12:17PM sun, haze, air temp: 25°C / 77­­°F [IMAGE 2 of 4] Spring is a busy time for Pogonomyrmex salinus workers. While some colony members forage, or conduct maintenance on the nest below, others engage in the removal of plants that have sprung up on, or too close to the nest mound. Even with their powerful mandibles, these ants struggle to cut through tough plant stems, and leaves. This series of images was captured on our first outing of 2010, in Washington state. A dozen or so workers from a small nest were busy cutting down cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) growing on, and around the edges of the nest mound [see additional images » ]. One worker was seen attempting to drag a bunch of fallen spikelets, possibly back to the nest - though it was unclear, as she was making no progress, and soon abandoned the effort. [scroll down for additional notes/references] ADDITIONAL NOTES/REFERENCES: The introduced (and invasive) grass Bromus tectorum (cheatgrass), is common in many of the areas inhabited by Pogonomyrmex ants, and is often a target of their foraging activities. One study in central Oregon found cheat grass (Bromus tectorum), to be one of the 5 most frequently collected seeds by P. salinus. The others were: Phacelia linearis, Hordeum jubatum, Descurainia pinnata, and Sisymbrium altissimum. Pogonomyrmex occidentalis (a member of the same complex as P. salinus) has long been known to have an association with Bromus tectorum, though there are indications that this ant prefers other species when they are available. In the Twin Falls, Idaho area, Cole found the seeds of B. tectorum to be harvested in great quantities "...primarily due to the predominance of Bromus tectorum in the semi-desert areas." He also notes that "the seed chambers of mounds in dense bromegrass areas often contain a greater quantity of other seeds and only a few colonies were located which seemed to harvest bromegrass seeds exclusively." This seems to be in keeping with the preliminary findings of a study of P. occidentalis in Colorado, by D. Wiernasz, where it was found that "Bromus tectorum was strongly avoided, and never exceeded 3% of seeds collected by foragers, even in high density areas." ·Cole, A.C. 1932a. The Relation of the Ant, Pogonomyrmex occidentalis CR., to its Habitat. Ohio Journal of Science, 32:133-46, Ohio State University ·Wiernasz, D. 2005. Granivore Activity on the Invasive Grass Bromus tectorum: a Factor in Establishment or Exclusion? University of Huston ·Willard, J.R. & H.H. Crowell. 1965. Biological Activities of the Harvester Ant, Pogonomyrmex owyheei, in Central Oregon. Journal of Economic Entomology Vol.58, No.3 - Pogolumina - Pogonomyrmex Harvester Ants of North America